Overview of different Driving License Classes in Germany / EU

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In Germany and other countries in EU, driver’s license can have different classes under same category. For example, car license can have B class, B 96 class or BE. These classes are described on this page.

  1. Moped and motorcycle license
  2. Car license
  3. Truck license
  4. Bus license
  5. Tractor and forklift license

To see if your driver's license is valid in Germany, process of conversion from any foreign license to German driver's license, and process of obtaining a new German license, please visit this page.

Moped and Motorcycle License

Driver's license for moped and motorcycle includes following classes: AM, A1, A2 and A.

AM

moped image

Mopeds (including side-cars) of a maximum speed of not more than 45 km / h. Either with an electric motor or internal combustion engine of not more than 50 cc or a maximum rated continuous power of up to 4 kW in the case of electric motors.

Motorcycles with a maximum speed of not more than 45 km / h or with electric motor or internal combustion engine of not more than 50 cc.

Tri-wheel mopeds and quad motorcycle, each having a maximum speed of not more than 45 km / h and a displacement of not more than 50 cc, or a maximum net power of not more than 4 kW in the case of an electric motor.

The unladen weight must not exceed 350 kg, without the mass of the batteries in the case of electric vehicles.

Minimum age required for AM class is: 16 years

Other classes included in AM class are: None

A1

class A1 image

Light motorcycles (including side-cars) and quad motorcycles of an engine displacement not exceeding 125 cc and engine power of not more than 11 kW, in which the ratio of power to weight does not exceed 0,1 kW / kg.

Tricycles with symmetrically arranged wheels with a maximum speed of more than 45 km / h and a power of up to 15 kW.

Minimum age required for A1 license is: 16 years

Other classes included in A1 class are: AM

A2

class A2 image

Motorcycles (including side-cars) with an engine power of not more than 35 kW, where the ratio of power to weight does not exceed 0,2 kW / kg.

In the case of two-year prior ownership of class A1, only a practical test (this also applies to "old owners" with a driver's license of class 3 or 4 acquired before 01.04.1980).

Class A licenses limited to those issued before 19.01.2013 are automatically considered Class A (unlimited) after two years.

Minimum age required for A2 class is: 18 years

Other classes included in A2 class are: AM and A1

A

moped image

Motorcycles (including side-cars) of an engine displacement exceeding 50 cc or of a speed of more than 45 km / h, and power to weight ratio of more than 0.2 kW / kg.

Three-wheeled motor vehicles with a power exceeding 15 kW with symmetrically arranged wheels and an engine displacement of more than 50 cc for internal combustion engines or a maximum design speed of more than 45 km / h.

Motor vehicles with engine power more than 15 kW, and displacement more than 50 cc.

The person having A2 license for at least two years can get Class A after a practical exam. With this license, only motor vehicles of class A may be driven.

Minimum age required for A2 class is : 24 years (for direct entry), 20 years (with at least 2 years prior possession of class A2).

Minimum age required for A2 class three-wheeled motor vehicles: 21 years.

Other classes included in A class are: A2, A1, AM.

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Passenger Car License

Passenger car license includes following classes: B and BF 17, B 96 and BE.

B/BF 17

B class car image

Motor vehicles up to 3.5t (3500 kg) gross weight and maximum 9 seats including driver.

A holder of class B license can draw the following trailers with his/her car:

- Trailers up to 750 kg gross weight,

- Trailers over 750 kg of permissible maximum weight, provided the total weight of towing vehicle and trailer is not greater than 3500 kg.

Minimum age required: 18 years (17 years for participants in the "Accompanied driving with 17" (BF 17)).

Other classes included in B class are: AM, L.

B 96

class B car with trailor

Combination of car and trailer. You need this special trailer license if you want to tow a trailer of more than 750 kg behind a class B car and the total mass of trailer and car is greater than 3,500 kg but not more than 4,250 kg.

Prior ownership class B license mediatory to obtains this license.

Minimum age required: 18 years.

Other classes included in B class are: AM, L.

BE

class BE car with trailor image

Combination of car and trailer, consisting of a category B towing vehicle and a trailer or semi-trailer, provided that the maximum authorized mass of the trailer or semi-trailer does not exceed 3500 kg.

Prior ownership class B license mediatory to obtains this license.

Minimum age required: 18 years.

Other classes included in BE class are: AM, L.

Truck License

Classes included in truck license are: C1, C1E, C and CE.

C1

Truck class C1 image

Small truck with more than 3.5 t (3500 kg), but not more than 7.5 t (7500 kg) total weight, also trailer up to 750 kg gross weight.

Prior ownership of class B license is mediatory to obtains this license.

In addition of general eyesight test, a full health test and an examination by an ophthalmologist is also a requirement for this license.

Validity: As the holder of class C1 license reaches the age of 50, the license has to be renewed every 5 years. Submission of positive general health test and eyesight test are prerequisites for renewal.

Minimum age required: 18 years.

Other classes included in C1 class are: None.

C1E

truck class C1E image

Small truck with trailer, its a combination of driving license class C1 and trailer with maximum 12,000 kg permissible total weight.

Motor vehicles over 3.5 t (3500 kg) up to 7.5 t (7500kg) and trailer over 750 kg are allowed under this class. The total mass of the trailer must not be greater than the unladen mass of the towing vehicle and the sum of the two masses must not be greater than 12 tones (12000 kg).

Previous ownership of driver’s license class C1 is necessary to obtain this license.

Minimum age required: 18 years.

Other classes included in C1E class are: BE and D1E, provided that the holder is entitled to drive category D1 vehicles.

C

Truck license class C image

Large truck, with a weight of more than 3500 kg (no restriction upwards) and constructed for the carriage of not more than nine persons including driver, also with trailer up to 750 kg.

Prior ownership class B license, a general health test and an examination by an ophthalmologist are prerequisites to obtain this license.

Validity: This license is issued for 5 years and then renewed after every 5 years. Submission of positive general health test and eyesight test are also prerequisites for renewal.

Minimum age required: 18 years.

Other class/classes included in C class is/are: C1.

CE

Large truck with trailer class CE

Large truck with trailer, combinations consisting of a towing vehicle of category C and trailers or a semi-trailer with a maximum authorized mass of more than 750 kg.

Prior ownership class C license, a general health test and an examination by an ophthalmologist are prerequisites to obtain this license.

Validity: This license is issued for 5 years and then renewed after every 5 years. Submission of positive general health test and eyesight test are also prerequisites for renewal.

Minimum age required: 18 years with a training of professional driver qualification or 21 years without extra professional driver qualification.

Other classes included in CE class are: BE, C1E and T and D1E, provided that the holder is authorized to drive category D1 vehicles and DE, where he is entitled to drive category D vehicles.

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Bus License

Bus license includes following classes: D1, D1E, D and DE.

D1

Bus class D1 image

Buses with more than 8 but not more than 16 passenger seats, also with trailer up to 750 kg gross vehicle weight. Total allowed length is not more than 8 m, including trailers.

Prior ownership of class B license is mediatory to obtains this license.

Validity: valid up to 5 years and then renewed after every 5 years. Submission of positive general health test and eyesight test are also prerequisites for renewal.

Minimum age required: 21 years normal. 18 years with a basic qualification in the field of the professional driver qualification law or with a training of the professional driver.

Other classes included in D1 class are: None

D1E

class d1e image

Combination of driving license class D1 and trailer. The combined bus and trailer must not exceed 12,000 kg.

Bus with more than 8 but not more than 16 passenger seats, with trailer over 750 kg gross weight. When loaded, the trailer may not weigh more than the empty bus.

Prior ownership of class D1 license is mediatory to obtains this license.

Validity: Valid up to 5 years and then renewed after every 5 years. Submission of positive general health test and eyesight test are also prerequisites for renewal.

Minimum age required: 21 years.

Other classes included in D1E class are: BE and C1E if the holder is entitled to drive category C1 vehicles.

D

bus class D image

Buses with more than 16 passenger seats and with trailers up to 750 kg gross vehicle weight.

Prior ownership of license B is necessary.

Validity: Valid up to 5 years and then renewed after every 5 years. Submission of positive general health test and eyesight test are also prerequisites for renewal.

Minimum age required: 21 years.

Other class/classes included in D class is/are: D1.

DE

bus class D image

All Buses with all bus trailers, also trailers more than 750kg. This class also includes passenger trailers.

Prior ownership of license B is necessary.

Validity: Valid up to 5 years and then renewed after every 5 years. Submission of positive general health test and eyesight test are also prerequisites for renewal.

Minimum age required: 21 years.

Other classes included in DE class are: D1E, BE, if owned by C1, C1E license holder.

Tractor and Forklift License

Tractor license includes classes: T and L.

T

tractor t class image

Agricultural or forestry tractors with trailers with speed not more than 60 km / h. Self-propelled agricultural or forestry machines up to 40 km / h speed, also with trailer.

Minimum age required: 16 years. Until the age of 18 only tractors up to 40 km / h.

Other class/classes included in T class is/are: L.

L

tractor L class image

Tractors in agriculture and forestry up to 32 km / h maximum design speed, also with trailer (then maximum speed 25 km / h).

Forklift (also with trailer), self-propelled machines and industrial trucks up to 25 km / h maximum design speed.

Minimum age required: 16 years.

Other classes included in L class are: None

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