This page contains following topics:

  1. Parking Signs in Germany
  2. Parking Management Zone
  3. Parking on Sidewalk
  4. Parking Signs with Directions
  5. Parking Disc in Germany
    1. How to use Parking Disc in Germany?
  6. Difference between parking and stopping
  7. No Stopping & No Parking Signs
    1. No Stopping Signs in Germany
    2. No Parking Signs in Germany
    3. Explanation of NO STOPPING / NO PARKING Signs with Arrows
  8. Parking Restriction Zone
  9. General No-Stop / No Parking Areas
  10. Temporary No Parking Signs
  11. Parking in a One-Way Street
  12. Penalties for Wrong Parking

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1. Parking Signs in Germany

Like in other European countries, most people in Germany park their vehicles on roadsides. Since parking on the roadside is the most common and cheaper option. There are also some other facilities available, like open parking ground (Parkplatz), underground parking facility (Tiefgarage), and covered parking facility (Parkhaus).

Parking along the roadside is only allowed in the direction of traffic on that side. On one-way streets, parking is allowed on both the right and left sides, because both sides have the same, unidirectional traffic flow.

A parking area is indicated by sign 314.

Sign 314

This sign marks the area where parking is permitted and is also used to give directions to a parking area. This sign is normally accompanied by additional signs, indicating additional parking conditions, for example, the duration of parking allowed, who is allowed to park here, or additional parking requirements like parking discs, etc.

Below are some examples of parking signs with additional parking information.

Sign 314 with 1053-52

Parking is allowed only within marked parking areas

Sign 314 with 1053-30

Parking is allowed only in marked areas

Sign 314 with 1053-31

Parking is allowed only with the purchase of a parking voucher (mit Parkschein = with Parking voucher)

Sign 314 with 1010-58

Parking is allowed only to indicated vehicle class. In this example, only passenger cars are allowed to park here.

Sign 314 with 1010-13

This sign marks a parking area where caravans may be parked longer than 14 days.

Sign 314 with 1010-12

This sign marks a parking area where over 14 days of parking for trailers is allowed.

Sign 314 with 1010-51

Parking for vehicles with a maximum authorized mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes, including their trailers but excluding passenger cars and buses.

Sign 314 with 1044-10

Parking only for people with handicap permit

Sign 314 with 1044-30

Resident with parking permit number ....

Sign 314 with 1053-38

Perpendicular parking to the road

Sign 314 with 1053-39

Parking inclined to the road

Sign 314-50

Public parking garage. A supplementary sign shows the direction to the parking garage.

Sign 317

Parking area for hikers

Sign 365-67

Motorhome parking

Sign 365-68

Camper parking

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2. Parking Management Zone

Parking Management Zones are marked with sign 314.1. Parking in these zones is permitted on all streets with a parking disc or voucher as indicated by the attached supplementary sign.
Sign 314.2 marks the end of the parking management zone.

Sign 314.1

Start of a parking management zone

Sign 314.2

End of a parking management zone

3. Parking on Sidewalks

In old towns and cities of Germany, most of the roads are too narrow to park a vehicle. Hence vehicles are allowed to take some space from pedestrian walking areas like footpaths/sidewalks, but parking on bicycle lanes is strictly forbidden.

Parking on a sidewalk can have the following conditions:

Important to note that all the following conditions are applicable on vehicles having a weight category equal to or less than 2.8 tons. Heavier vehicles than this category are not allowed to park on sidewalks.

Sign 315-50

Parking on sidewalks half left in the driving direction

Sign 315-55

Parking on sidewalks half right in the driving direction

Sign 315-60

Parking on sidewalks completely left in the driving direction

Sign 315-65

Parking on sidewalks completely right in the driving direction

Sign 315-70

Perpendicular parking half on the sidewalk and half in the street on the left side of the road

Sign 315-75

Perpendicular parking half on the sidewalk and half in the street on the right side of the road

Sign 315-80

Perpendicular parking completely on the sidewalk on the left side of the road

Sign 315-85

Perpendicular parking completely on the sidewalk on the right side of the road

4. Parking Signs with Directions

Sign 314-10

Start of a parking area. If the arrowhead is directing to the road, it indicates the start of a parking area.

Sign 314-20

End of a parking area. If the arrowhead is directing away from the road, it marks the end of a parking area.

Sign 314-30

Two arrows indicating in opposite directions mark the middle of a parking area. Parking is allowed in both directions from this sign.

While traveling on highways outside of the city limits, the following sign indicates an extra-wide shoulder for Emergency and breakdown stops.

Sign 328

An emergency stop or breakdown bay is a short lane on the right side of the road. Its usage is only allowed in an emergency. Often these can be found on tunnel ends, on heavily traveled roads without side stripes, in the area of motorway construction sites, or on mountain passes.

5. Parking Disc in Germany

Parking disc in Germany

Parking discs are used in parking places to show the arrival time (Ankunftszeit) of a vehicle. Parking signs showing parking disc and maximum allowed parking time are installed in parking places where disc are required.

Sign 314 with 1040-32

Parking is allowed only with a parking disc. Here in this example, it’s 2 hrs. "Std" means "hrs".

Sign 314 with 1040-33

Parking is allowed only with a parking disc in marked areas and for 2 hrs.

Arrowhead pointing towards the street indicates the start of a parking area.
Maxium 2 hours parking is allowed, half right on the sidewalk.

Arrowhead pointing away from the street indicates the end of a parking area.

5.1 How to use Parking Disc in Germany?

In Germany, lines on a parking disc are divided into half hours (30 minutes). Drivers are allowed to round up to the next half hour, i.e. the next line to the arrival time. For example, if the arrival time is 5:45 PM, the disc can be set at 6:00 PM, as shown in the above parking disc picture.

So, the maximum exceeded time that can be set on a parking disc is 29 minutes, i.e. if the arrival time is 5:31 PM, the next half hour line is at 6:00 PM.

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6. Difference between Parking and Stopping

According to German road traffic regulations (Straßenverkehrsordnung) section 12:

So, parking always means stopping, but stopping is not automatically parking.

If a vehicle is undergoing a parking maneuver, the vehicle on the road must give it time to park and allow passengers to get on and off.

7. No Stopping & No Parking Signs

7.1 No Stopping Signs in Germany

No Stopping or No Standing sign automatically also declares No Parking. Even the slightest stop is prohibited after this sign. In German, it's called absolutes Halteverbot (no standing at any time). No Stopping sign has some variations at the beginning, middle, and end of the no-stopping / no-standing area, which are marked by white arrows. These arrows might be confusing to some foreigners and explained under a separate heading (7.3) below.

Sign 283

Absolute No parking and No stopping

Here, neither parking nor short stopping is allowed.

Following are different variations of the No Parking Sign. For explanations of white arrows, please see the next heading (7.3).

7.2 No Parking Signs in Germany

No Parking sign , in German, ( Parkverbot) indicates drivers are not allowed to stop for longer than three minutes. This sign also has subcategories with white arrows similar to the No Standing Sign (283) .

Sign 286

Restricted No Parking / No Stopping longer than 3 minutes

Following are different variations of the No Parking Sign. For explanations of white arrows, please see the next heading (7.3).

Apart from the above mentioned No Parking signs, taxi stand signs, and bus/streetcar stop signs are also No Parking signs for general traffic.

Sign 229

Taxi Parking Only. Indicates an area reserved for taxis. Other vehicles are not allowed to park here. This sign can also have arrows as shown in previous NO PARKING and NO STOPPING signs.

Sign 224

This sign is installed at an official bus and streetcar stop. This sign specifies (with a picture) whether the particular stop is for buses or streetcars. Parking or stopping within 15 meters of this sign is prohibited.

Sign 245

Bus lane or Bus-only lane. Other vehicles are not allowed to use this lane. Parking is also not allowed in this lane.

Sign 237

Bicycle lane. Indicates paths restricted to and mandatory for bicycles. Parking is not allowed on this lane..

7.3 Explanation of NO STOPPING / NO PARKING Signs with Arrows

First of all: All NO STOP or NO PARKING signs (all signs in category 283, 286, all bus stop and taxi stop signs) are only applicable on the side of the street on which they are installed till the next junction or crossing. A crossing or a junction automatically cancels any previously installed NO STOP or NO PARKING sign.

The white arrows on NO STOPPING signs and NO PARKING signs always indicate the beginning, end, or continuation (midpoint) of the NO STOP/NO PARKING

NO STOPPING signs and NO PARKING signs are normally installed in such a way that they are facing the road. To understand the meanings of arrows on these signs, turn these signs clockwise in your mind.

No standing at any time signs facing the road

The basic rule is, if the arrowhead is pointing towards the road then it is the beginning of a NO PARKING or NO stopping area. On normal roads with two-way traffic, the start of the NO PARKING or NO STOPPING sign has the white arrow above the cross.

If the white arrow is pointing away from the road, it marks an end of a NO PARKING or NO STOPPING area. On two-way streets, the end of NO STOPPING signs has the white arrow below the cross.

As already mentioned above, an intersection or a junction automatically cancels any NO PARKING or NO STOPPING signs, so in that case, there would be no need to place the end of a NO PARKING or NO STOPPING sign.

Explanation of white arrows at the start, middle, and end of a No Standing area

In one-way streets, NO PARKING & NO STOPPING signs are installed in a different way. However, the rule remains the same i.e.

  1. If the arrowhead is pointing towards the road, it marks the start of a NO PARKING & NO STOPPING area.
  2. If the arrowhead is pointing away from the road, then it’s the end of a NO PARKING & NO STOPPING area.
  3. If two arrows are pointing in opposite directions, you are in the middle of a NO PARKING & NO STOPPING area.

Explanation of No Parking/No Standing signs in a one-way street

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8. Parking Restriction Zone

Parking Restriction Zone signs are installed at entrances to a neighborhood or area where parking is prohibited on all streets in the area until the "End of parking restriction zone" sign is reached.

Sign 290-1

This sign marks the start of a Parking restriction zone.

Sign 290-2

This sign indicates the end of the Parking restriction zone.

Please visit the All Road Signs page to see the full list of NO STOP signs in German traffic signs.

9. General No-Stop / No Parking Areas

Besides above mentioned NO PARKING / NO STOP signs, basic no-stop zones are also always as follows:

10. Temporary No Parking Signs

On certain occasions, such as house moving, filming, any event or construction work, temporary no-stopping signs can be applied from the respective road traffic authority (Straßenverkehrsbehörde).

All road users must comply with these temporary no stopping restrictions. These signs must be set up four days before the event. Any vehicle not considering these temporary signs can be towed away, especially if there is a traffic obstruction by the vehicle. The owner of the vehicle would pay the towing cost and NO STOP or No Parking fine, whatever the violation may be.

11. Parking in a One-Way Street

In the one-way street, vehicles may be parked on both sides, if there is enough space and no other vehicle/emergency vehicle is obstructed. Parking in opposite to the direction of travel is forbidden.

If no parking sign is installed in a one-way street, then parking on the opposite side of the street is allowed (No parking is only applicable on the side on which no parking sign is installed). No parking sign doesn't remain applicable after a junction or crossing. All other parking rules are similar to a two-way street.

12. Penalties for Wrong Parking

A parking offender commits an administrative offense in Germany. Verwarnungsgeld (on the spot warning fine) can be up to 30 Euros. In the absence of the driver, a wrongly parked vehicle is towed away through a private firm, which can be very costly.

If the vehicle is parked in way of fire department vehicles, there can be a penalty of 60 Euros and one point on the driving license. Please pay special attention to the German word Feuerwehrzufahrt (emergency access road for the fire department) along with sign 283.

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