Parking in Germany

This page contains topics:

  1. Parking Signs in Germany
  2. Parking Management Zone
  3. Parking on Sidewalk
  4. Parking Signs with Directions
  5. Long Parking or Short Stopping
  6. No Stopping / No Parking Signs
  7. Parking Restriction Zone
  8. General No-Stop / No Parking Areas
  9. Parking in a One-Way Street
  10. Penalties for Wrong Parking

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Parking Signs in Germany

Like in other European countries, most people in Germany park their vehicles on roadsides. As parking on the roadside is the most common and cheaper option. There are some other facilities also available, like open parking ground (Parkplatz), underground parking facility (Tiefgarage) and covered parking facility (Parkhaus).

Parking along the roadside is only allowed in the direction of traffic on that side. On one-way streets, parking is allowed in both the right and left side, because both sides have the same, unidirectional flow of traffic.

Parking area is indicated by sign 314.

Sign 314

This sign marks the area where parking is permitted and is also used to give directions to parking areas. This sign is normally accompanied by additional signs, indicating additional parking conditions, for example, the duration of parking allowed, who is allowed to park here, or additional parking requirements like discs etc.

Below are few examples of parking signs with additional parking information.

Sign 314 with 1053-52

Parking is allowed only within marked parking areas.

Sign 314 with 1053-30

Parking is allowed only in marked areas.

Sign 314 with 1053-31

Parking is allowed only with purchase of a parking voucher (mit Parkschein = with Parking voucher)

Sign 314 with 1040-32

Parking is allowed only with parking disc. Here in this example it’s 2 hrs. "Std" means "hrs".

Sign 314 with 1040-33

Parking is allowed only with parking disc in marked areas and for 2 hrs.

Sign 314 with 1010-58

Parking is allowed only for indicated vehicle class. In this example only allowed for passenger cars.

Sign 314 with 1010-13

Marking of parking areas where caravans may be parked longer than 14 days.

Sign 314 with 1010-12

Marking of parking areas where trailers are allowed to park longer than 14 days.

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Sign 314 with 1010-51

Parking for vehicles with a maximum authorized mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes, including their trailers and tractors, excluding passenger cars and buses.

Sign 314 with 1044-10

Parking only allowed for people with handicap permit.

Sign 314 with 1044-30

Residents with parking permit No. ....

Sign 314 with 1053-38

Perpendicular parking to the road.

Sign 314 with 1053-39

Parking inclined to the road.

Parking Management Zone

These are the areas with sign 314.1. Parking in these areas is permitted on all streets with parking disc or voucher as indicated by additional sign, till the sign 314.2 that indicates end of parking management zone.

Sign 314.1

Start of parking management zone.

Sign 314.2

End of parking management zone.

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Parking on Sidewalk

In old towns and cities of Germany, most of the roads are too narrow to park a vehicle. Hence vehicles are allowed to take some space from pedestrian walking areas like footpaths/sidewalks, but parking on bicycle lane is strictly forbidden.

Parking on a sidewalk can have following conditions:

Important to note that all the following conditions are applicable on vehicles having weight category equal to or less than 2.8 ton. Heavier vehicles than this category are not allowed to park on sidewalks.

Sign 315-50

Parking on sidewalks half left in driving direction.

Sign 315-55

Parking on sidewalks half right in driving direction.

Sign 315-60

Parking on sidewalks completely left in driving direction.

Sign 315-65

Parking on sidewalks completely right in driving direction.

Sign 315-70

Perpendicular parking half on the sidewalk and half in the street on left side of the road.

Sign 315-75

Perpendicular parking half on the sidewalk and half in the street on right side of the road.

Sign 315-80

Perpendicular parking completely on the sidewalk on left side of the road.

Sign 315-85

Perpendicular parking completely on the sidewalk on right side of the road.

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Taught German from A1 to B2 in just 60 days

with Michael Schmitz

20 years of experience

27 years research

Taught German from A1 to B2 in just 60 days

with Michael Schmitz

Parking Signs with Directions

Sign 314-10

Start of a parking area.

Sign 314-20

End of a parking area.

Sign 314-30

Parking is allowed in both directions from the sign.

While traveling on highways outside city limits, following sign indicates an extra wide shoulder for Emergency and breakdown stop.

Sign 328

An emergency stop and breakdown bay is a short lane on the right side of the road. Its usage is only allowed in emergency. Often these can be found on tunnels ends, on heavily traveled roads without side stripes, in the area of motorway construction sites or on mountain passes.

Long Parking or Short Stopping

A vehicle is considered parked when the driver leaves the vehicle or it is stopped for longer than 3 minutes. It is legal to stop on the left side, unless stopping is prohibited by traffic signs.

If a vehicle is undergoing parking maneuver, vehicle on the road must give it time to park and allow passengers to get on and off.

No Stopping / No Parking Signs

Sign 283

Absolute No parking / No stopping

Meaning: Here neither parking nor short stopping is allowed.

Sign 283-10

Beginning of the NO STOP area. Neither parking nor holding is allowed.

Neither parking nor holding is allowed on left.

Sign 283-11

End of NO STOP area.

Sign 283-20

Similar to 283-11 but end of NO STOP area on right side of sign board.

Sign 283-21

Similar to 283-10, Beginning of the NO STOP area.

Neither parking nor holding is allowed on right.

Sign 283-30 and sign 283-31

Stopping or Parking on the road is prohibited in either directions.

Sign 286

Restricted No Stopping. Indicates drivers may not stop for longer than 3 minutes. This sign can also have white arrows same as shown in sign 283 category.

Please go through this page to see the full list of NO STOP signs in German traffic signs.

Sign 229

Taxi Parking Only. Indicates area reserved for taxis.

Sign 224

Posted at official stopping places for buses and streetcars. This sign will specify (with a picture) whether the stop is for buses or streetcars. Parking or stopping within 15 meters of this sign is prohibited.

Explanation of White Arrow on NO STOP / NO PARKING Sign

First of all: All no-stop signs (all signs in category 283, 286, all bus stop and taxi stop signs) are only applicable on the side of the street on which they are installed till the next junction or crossing. A crossing or junction automatically cancels any previously installed NO STOP or No Parking sign.

The white arrows on the signs always indicate the beginning, end or continuation of the No Stop/No Parking.

Top arrow shows the beginning of NO STOP or No Parking area and a bottom arrow indicates the end of NO STOP or No Parking area in particular direction.

Parking Restriction Zone

Posted at entrances to a neighborhood or area where parking is prohibited on all streets in the area until the "End of parking restriction zone" sign is reached.

Sign 290-1

Indicates start of Parking restriction zone.

Sign 290-2

Indicates end of Parking restriction zone.

General No-Stop / No Parking Areas

Apart from these signs, basic no-stop zones are also always as follows:

Time-limited Parking Signs

On certain occasions, such as house moving, filming, any event or construction work, temporary stopping ban signs can be applied from the respective road traffic authority (Straßenverkehrsbehörde).

All road users must comply with these stopping restrictions. These signs must be set up four days before the event. Any vehicle not considering these temporary signs can be towed away, especially if there is a traffic obstruction by the vehicle. Owner of the vehicle would pay the towing cost and NO STOP or No Parking fine, whatever the violation may be.

Parking in a One-Way Street

In the one-way street, vehicles may be parked on both sides, if there is enough space and no other vehicle/emergency vehicle is obstructed. Parking in opposite to the direction of travel is forbidden.

If no parking sign is installed in one-way street, then parking on opposite side of the street is allowed (No parking is only applicable on the side on which no parking sign is installed). No parking sign doesn't remain applicable after a junction or crossing. All other parking rules are similar to two-way street.

Penalties for Wrong Parking

A parking offender commits an administrative offense in Germany. Verwarnungsgeld (on the spot warning fine) can be up to 30 Euros. In the absence of the driver, a wrongly parked vehicle is towed away through a private firm, which can be very costly.

If the vehicle is parked in way of fire brigade vehicles, there can be a penalty of 60 Euros and one point in the driving license. Please pay special attention to German word Feuerwehrzufahrt (emergency access road for fire department) along with sign 283.

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